Cat's Inappropriate Urination Behavior
There are two main reasons for inappropriate urination habits in cats. The first and usually the easiest to resolve is a urinary tract infection or some other form of medical condition. Before trying anything else contact your veterinarian to eliminate any medical problems that may lead to inappropriate urinating. If there is no medical reason then it is most likely behavioral.
Here are some things you can do:
- Clean all affected area with a non-ammonia based odor eliminator.
- Cover the affected area with a plastic bag. It will change the physical sensation for the cats, and also prevent any further soiling of the area. You may also want to use a scent deterrent such as mint, scented soaps, citric scents, dryer sheets, and moth balls or any scent your cats dislikes.
- Use multiple litter boxes. There should be one more litter box in your house than there are cats. Place them in different locations and use various styles (open, covered deep, shallow, big, small). Take note to which style of litter box they frequent most.
- A variety or litters should also be offered. If your cat is urinating on soft surfaces consider a softer litter (sand, shredded newspaper, shredded towels).
DO NOT USE CEDAR CHIPS. Some cats even prefer different amounts of litter. Try varying levels of litter from a large amount to very little or even none at all.
- Litter of any kind should be scooped DAILY and litter replaced every other day to once a week depending upon the type of litter. Before replacing litter, boxes should be washed with a mild bleach solution to be sure any and all bacteria are killed. Old litter boxes can be permeated with scent and should be discarded and replaced.
- Take your cats to the litter box frequently and praise it when it uses an appropriate box.
- If you see your cat squatting outside the box, Water pistols, whistles, and tins of pennies all work as form of punishments with some cats. However, punishment will ONLY work if your pet is startled while doing the act.
- Punishment even 5 second after the act will not correct the problem. Physical punishment such as rubbing your cat's nose in the soiled area is useless and potentially dangerous for you and your cat.
- Do not give your cat free access to the entire house. Start with a limited space and then increase as the behavior is controlled.
- If you have multiple cats in your household there may be a territorial issue or competing for use of the litter box. Try separating all your pets into rooms with their own litter box and see if the problem continues.